Common Nail Problems in the Elderly

Common Nail Problems in the Elderly

When family caregivers are taking care of their elderly relative, it’s easy to overlook nail care.

Nails are more than ornamental—they are made of a tough protein called keratin. Fingernails and toenails undergo considerable change as the body ages.

It’s important to learn the proper way to care for your relative’s nails and recognize what is a normal part of aging and what may be a sign of a greater health issue.

1. Thickness

In elderly people, it’s common for the nails to change in thickness.

While toenails tend to get thicker and discolored, fingernails usually grow thinner and more brittle. It’s easy for elderly people to tear their fingernails so family caregivers need to be careful when filing or clipping.

For extremely thin nails, family caregivers should think about applying a nail thickening polish to lend strength.

2. Discoloring

It’s not unusual for fingernails and toenails to discolor with age. Usually they turn yellowed or gray. It’s not uncommon for fungal infections to discolor the nails, either. Because seniors bruise more easily, a hard hit on the nail could cause some discoloration as the bruise forms.

If family caregivers or homecare assistants notice dark stripes along the nails, however, it could be a symptom of melanoma. The elderly person should be taken to the doctor to get an official diagnosis.

3. Curvature

The shape of the nail can also be affected by age. Typical fingernails and toenails are curved but they may start to look different in older people.

Everything from decades of tight shoes to poor circulation can affect how the nails curve. With some shape changes, it’s possible to increase ingrown fingernails and ingrown toenails.

4. Growth

The growth rate for fingernails and toenails slows considerably with age.

The average adult’s fingernails grow about 3 mm per month, while children’s nails grow faster and elderly people’s nails are slower.

Fingernails grow faster than toenails, about four times faster. This means that if something happens with an elderly person’s nail, such as a tear or rip, it can take a long time to repair itself.

5. Texture

Smooth nails are commonplace, but family caregivers should not be alarmed if they notice a series of ridges on their elderly loved one’s nails. These ridges usually run the length of the nail and split off at the nail tips.

It can be very easy for split nails to take place, so seniors should avoid putting too much pressure on them.

Moisturizer can help relieve brittleness and dry skin, so family caregivers and homecare aides should help the elderly person apply it daily.

Contact Sonas for Home Health Care Services

Family caregivers may not know that any sudden or unusual changes in the appearance of fingernails or toenails may be a sign of hidden health problems. Many diseases and illnesses can manifest with signs that appear in the nails. It’s important for an elderly loved one with unusual nail conditions to see a doctor or dermatologist if there is any worry about the changing shape or color of the nails.

With some consistent care and proactive approach to checkups, seniors can enjoy excellent nail health.

If you or an aging loved-one are considering hiring homecare Services in Florida, contact the caring staff at Sonas Home Health Care today. (888) 592-5855

Sources:
https://health.howstuffworks.com/skin-care/nail-care/health/how-fast-do-nails-grow.htm
http://www.healthy-aging-for-women-babyboomers.com/aging-nails.html

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